In 1865: Union troops arrived in Galveston with news that the Civil War was over, and that slaves in Texas were free — an event celebrated as “Juneteenth.”

In 1917: During WWI, King George V ordered the British royal family to dispense with German titles and surnames; the family took the name “Windsor.”

In 1944: During World War II, the two-day Battle of the Philippine Sea began, resulting in a decisive victory for the U.S. over Japan.

In 1953: Julius Rosenberg, 35, and his wife, Ethel, 37, convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union, were executed at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York.

In 1964: The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was approved by the U.S. Senate, 73-27, after a lengthy filibuster.

In 1972: Hurricane Agnes, blamed for at least 122 deaths, made landfall over the Florida Panhandle.

In 1982: Vincent Chin, a Chinese-American auto engineer, was fatally beaten by two auto workers who later received probation for manslaughter. They were later freed on appeal.

In 1999: Author Stephen King was seriously injured when he was struck by a van driven by Bryan Smith in North Lovell, Maine.